Not every parent can accept the fact that children are on a short leash with digital devices. Yet in the 90s, devices were not a toy; today the tendency is quite different. Most kids have a smartphone or a tab to play on. Some parents are still uncomfortable realizing that the child has a non-restricted access to technology.
Growing up with devices, children learn faster and socialize better. Contrary to the common view, social networks demolish communication barriers between kids. Children are getting used to easy communication, and they do not take socialization so seriously. Being accustomed to devices, children make themselves comfortable with the future, unlike their parents and grandparents.
But technology has a visible side effect we call sedentary lifestyle. Being overwhelmed with devices, kids get overweight and sometimes antisocial. Many parents complain about online addiction that developed in kids.
Poor housing is more than a dismal apartment where a company of people lives in the only room. Imagine the same apartment lacking ventilation, with a single window that catches no sunlight. Mold is likely to be the happiest inhabitant in such an apartment. The room with damp and mold is considered to be the poorest housing because it causes respiratory problems immediately.
Houses affected by damp and mold bring no satisfaction to their inhabitants. These are often old wooden houses that cannot stand the test of time without a proper care and thorough renovation. Walls of new apartments, however, can also develop mold if there is a damaged roof or any leaks. Getting rid of mold is extremely difficult; it often requires replacing parts of the walls or ceiling affected with fungi.
The need of renovation is not the only sorrow of people living in poor housing. In most cases, mold-affected rooms cause respiratory conditions and sleep disorders. Elderly people and children are most vulnerable to these fungi.
Life in a big city is no cure for poverty. Urbanization accelerated urban growth by adding more territories to cities. Lack of jobs pushed the rural population to cities where they have more chances to find employment. Most of these people are poor and have few chances to get out of poverty even after they find a job. This cycle blocks poverty inside the city and does not let communities develop.
Poverty in megalopolises is definitely caused by poverty in its rural suburbs. Poor people will anyway remain poor as they move to cities, and labor migrants comprise a great part of the urban population. The lack of education does not let most rural migrants qualify for a highly-paid job, which makes them marginalized among the all-time urban population. Many people lack social security in big cities, and are even more likely to trap into poverty moving there. In fact, not all of the migrants can find even a low-paid job moving to a new place.
Ecological disasters are certainly caused by humans. A human mistake is considered to be the main cause of major environmental catastrophes of the past century. Whether the oil spill or nuclear explosion, neglect of basic safety measures is always the reason behind environmental catastrophes. People who build and operate industrial objects are responsible for the safety of their exploitation. As we can see, such objects often prove themselves very unsafe.
In some cases, the cause of environmental catastrophes is very comprehensive. It happened in London in1952 when a heavy air pollution killed thousands of citizens. The entire city burned more coal than ever before because it was a very cold winter. As the result, the pollution became disastrous. We also cannot underestimate the power of natural forces. Tsunamis, storms, and hurricanes make feeble industrial constructions even more vulnerable. The Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011has shown how operational neglect can reveal under the influence of a tsunami. Even if climate-induced, ecological catastrophes are anyway triggered by a human mistake.
Thousands of years ago, curiosity pushed humans to explore new lands and make new settlements there. Tribes gradually moved over this planet settling whenever there were enough natural resources to live on. Over the time, people started to discover new lands for the sake of rare materials that can be traded. After the industrial revolution, we learned to produce things instead of taking them from nature.
Human activity is notorious for its negative impact on the environment. Deforestation and global warming accelerated the extinction of species. Now we have to take urgent actions and save those most endangered ones to prevent our own damage at least partially. Human exploration made it more pleasant for us to live, but the long-term effects are still to come.
There are some positive effects of human exploration and technological development. Now we can produce renewable energy and substitute natural materials, like fur or leather. We do not have to exploit natural resources to live comfortably anymore, which is a great bonus for ourselves and the environment.